Believe it or not, collagen is the one of the most abundant proteins in your body. The protein is comprised of about 2/3 of collagen. The article will explain what collagen is, what the different types of collagen are, the benefits of collagen, and what can damage the collagen in your body.
The different collagen types help build bones, tendons, skin, and muscles, and it’s found in other parts of the body such as teeth, corneas, and blood vessels. It’s the glue that holds all these body parts together, which is why there there has been a huge increase in awareness around collagen, but few people seem to understand the difference between different type of collagen.
Endogenous collagen is synthesized by your body. The function of endogenous collagen is numerous. When endogenous collagen is broken down or depleted, your body lacks the necessary building blocks to rebuild itself.
Exogenous collagen is synthetic collagen that comes from food, supplements and other outside sources to help support your body's natural production of collagen. Exogenous collagen, in supplement form in particular, is typically consumed for cosmetic reasons as well as medical ones.
Collagen is pretty amazing stuff - there are some kinds of collagen fibrils that are stronger than steel at the molecular level. In surgical settings, collagen can even be used to attract new skin cells to cuts and wounds by using collagen dressings. However, as we age, the natural collagen production in our body begins to decline. The natural decrease in collagen levels is further accelerated by other factors, such as UV light and smoking.
However, it is important that people understand how their body intakes collagen as some forms are not conducive to absorption, such as collagen lotions applied to the skin to increase your collagen levels. Why you ask? Because collagen molecules are too big to absorb through the skin. Taking a supplement with collagen in it is a much better way to deliver collagen in a form suitable for absorption and use by your body.
In many types of collagen, long thin fibrils of molecules are packed together. The fibrils anchor cells and act as supporting structures. They give your skin elasticity and strength. There are 16 different kinds of collagen, but well over 90 percent belong to types 1, 2, and 3 - the fundamental base components of collagen. The different types of collagen have different functions and structures. Below are the different types of collagens:
Type I:Type I makes up over 90% of your body’s collagen. It consists of tightly packed fibers. It supports structure in bones, skin, tendons, connective tissue, teeth, and fibrous cartilage.
Type II:Type II consists of more loosely packed fibers. It’s found in elastic cartilage in your body, and it helps cushions your joints.
Type III:Type III supports the structure of your organs, muscles, and arteries.
Type IV:Type IV helps your body to filter and is found within the layers of your skin.
As you start to age, your body starts to produce less and a lower quality of collagen. One of the signs of this fading process is that your skin becomes less supple and firm and your cartilage also begins to weakens with age as well.
You can help maintain your body’s collagen and protect it by discovering what behavior may damage it. Overeating sugar and refined carbs are a huge contributor. When you overeat sugar, the sugar interferes with your body's collagen ability to heal itself. So, cut back on your consumption of refined carbs and sugars.
When you are out in the sun too much, avoid excessive exposure to the sun. Ultraviolet radiation can reduce your body’s ability to produce collagen. Plus, smoking is a big issue as well since it reduces collagen production. When your collagen production is impaired, it can cause issues with wound healing and lead to skin wrinkles.
There are benefits to taking a collagen supplement when combined with strength training. Collagen peptide supplements were scientifically shown to help increase muscle mass and strength more than just a placebo.
Skin elasticity is major component of the appearance of smoother skin. Women who take collagen supplements have been shown to display a measurable improvements in the appearance of their skin and elasticity. Plus, supplemental types of collagens may be able to improve the texture of the skin and support healthy joints.
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